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牙齿釉质显微结构术语概况和规范汉语译名的建议

发表日期:2017-09-21来源:放大 缩小

编辑毛方园李传夔,孟津李茜白滨王元青张兆群赵凌霞王伴月

摘要脊椎动物牙齿釉质显微结构具丰富的形态学特征,承载着系统发育和生物力学等方面的信息。本文在前人的研究基础上,试图系统地先容牙釉质显微结构的基本内容,提出牙釉质研究中相关术语的中文译名建议,并对一些重要术语做了简要说明,供相关研究者参考,以期促进牙釉质显微结构研究的进一步发展。 

关键词:牙齿釉质,显微结构,术语,名词说明,汉语译名 
卷期:第55卷,第4期

Introduction to terminologies of tooth enamel microstructures and a proposal for their standard Chinese translations

MAO Fang-Yuan, LI Chuan-Kui, MENG Jin,  LI Qian, BAI Bin, WANG Yuan-Qing, ZHANG Zhao-Qun, ZHAO Ling-Xia, WANG Ban-Yue

Abstract   Tooth enamel is composed of elongated, hexagonal crystallites of hydroxyapatite. Some crystallites are arranged into various regual structures and futher formed a composite structure in a hierarchical manner. The hierarchical system can provide a basis for analysis different levels of structural complexity from varitaiton of particular crystallite strucutes to variation of structural types throughout a individual’s dentition. The size, orientation, distribution and the packing patterns of crystallites are gene-comtrolled and have limited range of intraspecific variability. Thus, these microstructures provide considerable and reliable morphological characters that help understanding of external dental morphology in context of both phylogeny and function in vertebrates. Because teeth are highly resistant to weathering, mainly owing to their enamel covering, so that they were commonly preserved as fossils. This organic system, particularly their microstructures, has attracted more and more attention from vertebrate paleontologists and other morphologists. However, as already recognized by many previous studies, some terminologies of the enamel microstructures have been complex and used inconsistently. Although considerable effort has been made to study enamel microstructures in China during the last few decades, a standard terminology of enamel microstructures in Chinese has not be formally brought into line with that in English literatures. Here we intend to introduce and systematize the relevant terminology used in the study of enamel microstructures and translate them into Chinese, in hoping that this systematic effort will enhance researches of enamel microstructures in China.  
Key words   tooth enamel, microstructure, terminology, glossary, Chinese translation  

  

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